Yom Kippur

10 Tishre

VaYikra 16:1 – 34
1HaShem spoke to Moshe after the death of Aharon’s two sons, when they approached before HaShem, and they died. 2And HaShem said to Moshe: Speak to Aharon, your brother — he shall not come at all times into the Sanctuary, within the Curtain, in front of the Cover that is upon the Ark, so that he should not die; for in a cloud will I appear upon the Ark-cover. 3With this shall Aharon come into the Sanctuary: with a young bull for a sin-offering and a ram for a burnt-offering. 4He shall don a sacred linen Tunic; linen Breeches shall be upon his flesh, he shall gird himself with a linen Sash, and cover his head with a linen Turban; they are sacred vestments — he shall immerse himself in water then don them. 5From the assembly of the Children of Yisra’el he shall take two he-goats for a sin-offering and one ram for a burnt-offering.

6Aharon shall bring near his own sin-offering bull, and provide atonement for himself and for his household. 7He shall take the two he-goats and stand them before HaShem, at the entrance of the Tent of Meeting. 8Aharon shall place lots upon the two he-goats: one lot “for HaShem” and one lot “for Azazel.” 9Aharon shall bring near the he-goat designated be the lot for HaShem, and make it a sin-offering. 10And the he-goat designated by the lot for Azazel shall be stood alive before HaShem, to provide atonement through it, to send it to Azazel in the Wilderness. 11Aharon shall bring near his own sin-offering bull and he shall provide atonement for himself and for his household; then he shall slaughter his own sin-offering bull.

12He shall take a shovelful of fiery coals from atop the Altar that is before HaShem, and his cupped handful of finely ground incense-spices, and bring it within the Curtain. 13He shall place the incense upon the fire before HaShem — so that the cloud of the incense shall blanket the Ark-cover that is atop the [Tablets of the] Testimony — so that he shall not die.

14He shall take some of the blood of the bull and sprinkle with his forefinger upon the eastern front of the Ark-cover; and in front of the Ark-cover he shall sprinkle seven times from the blood with his forefinger. 15He shall slaughter the sin-offering he-goat of the people, and bring its blood within the Curtain; he shall do with its blood as he had done with the blood of the bull, and sprinkle it upon the Ark-cover and in front of the Ark-cover. 16Thus shall he provide atonement upon the Sanctuary for the contamination’s of the Children of Yisra’el, even for their rebellious sins among all their sins; and so shall he do for the Tent of Meeting that dwells with them amid their contamination. 17Any person shall not be in the Tent of Meeting when he comes to provide atonement in the Sanctuary until his departure; he shall provide atonement for himself, for his household, and for the entire congregation of Yisra’el.

18He shall go out to the Altar that is before HaShem, and make atonement upon it: He shall take some blood of the bull and some blood of the he-goat and place it on the horns of the Altar all around. 19He shall sprinkle upon it from the blood with his forefinger seven times; thus shall he cleanse it and sanctify it from the contamination’s of the Children of Yisra’el.

20When he is finished atoning for the Sanctuary, the Tent of Meeting, and the Altar, he shall bring the living he-goat near. 21Aharon shall lean his two hands upon the head of the living he-goat and confess upon it all the iniquities of the Children of Yisra’el, and all their rebellious sins among all their sins, and place them upon the head of the he-goat, and send it with a designated man to the desert. 22The he-goat will bear upon itself all their iniquities to an uninhabited land, and he should send the he-goat to the desert.

23Aharon shall come to the Tent of Meeting — he shall remove the linen vestments that he had worn when he entered the Sanctuary, and he shall leave them there. 24He shall immerse himself in the water in a sacred place and don his vestments; he shall go out and perform his own burnt-offering and the burnt-offering of the people, and shall provide atonement for himself and for the people.

25And the fat of the sin-offering he shall cause to go up in smoke upon the Altar. 26The one who dispatched the he-goat to Azazel shall immerse his clothing and immerse himself in the water; thereafter he may enter the camp. 27The sin-offering bull and the sin-offering he-goat, whose blood had been brought to provide atonement in the Sanctuary, someone shall remove to the outside of the camp; and they shall burn if fire their hides, their flesh, and their dung. 28The one who burns them shall immerse his clothing and immerse himself in the water; thereafter he may enter the camp.

29This shall remain for you an eternal decree: In the seventh month, on the tenth of the month, you shall afflict yourselves and you shall not do any work, neither the native nor the proselyte who dwells among you. 30For on this day he shall provide atonement for you to cleanse you; from all your sins before HaShem shall you be cleansed.

31It is a Shabbat of complete rest for you, and you shall afflict yourselves; an eternal decree. 32The Kohen, who has been anointed or who has been given the authority to serve in place of his father, shall provide atonement; he shall don the linen vestments, the sacred vestments. 33He shall bring atonement upon the Holy of Holies, and he shall bring atonement upon the Tent of Meeting and the Altar; and upon the Kohanim and upon all the people of the congregation shall he bring atonement. 34This shall be to you an eternal decree to bring atonement upon the Children of Yisra’el for all their sins once a year; and [Aharon] did as HaShem commanded Moshe.

Yesheyahu 57:14 — 58:14
14He will say, “Pave, pave! Clear the road! Remove the obstacle from My people’s path.”

15For thus said the exalted and uplifted One, Who abides forever and Whose Name is holy: I abide in exaltedness and holiness, but I am with the despondent and lowly of spirit, to revive the spirit of the lowly and to revive the heart of the despondent. 16For not forever will I contend, nor will I be eternally wrathful, when the spirit that envelopes [them] is from Me, and I made [their] souls. 17I became angry because of his sinful thievery; I struck him, I hid Myself and became angry, because he continued waywardly in the path of his heart. 18But when I see his [contrite] ways, I will heal him; I will guide him and recompense him and his mourners with consolations. 19I create the speech of lips: ‘Peace, peace, for the far and near,’ said HaShem, ‘and I will heal him.’ 20But the wicked will be like the driven sea that cannot rest, and whose waters disgorge mire and mud. 21‘There is no peace,’ said my G-d, ‘for the wicked.’
Chapter 58
1Cry out vociferously, do not restrain yourself; raise your voice like a shofar — proclaim to My people their willful sins, to the House of Yaakov their transgressions. 2They [pretend to] seek Me every day and to desire to know My ways, like a nation that acts righteously and has not forsaken the justice of its G-d, [asking,] 3“Why did we fast and You did not see? Why did we afflict our souls and You did not know?”

Behold on your fast day you seek out personal gain and you exhort all your debts. 4Because you fast for grievance and strife, to strike [each other] with a wicked fist; you do not fast as befits this day, to make your voice heard above. 5Can such be the fast I choose, a day when man merely afflicts himself? Can it be merely bowing one’s head like a bulrush and spreading [a mattress of] sackcloth and ashes? Do you call this a fast and a day of favor to HaShem? 6Surely, this is the fast I choose: To break open the shackles of wickedness, to undo the bonds of injustice, and to let the oppressed go free, and annul all perversion. 7Surely you should break your bread for the hungry, and bring the moaning poor [to your] home; when you see a naked person, clothe him; and do not hide yourself from your kin. 8Then your light will burst out like the down and your healing will speedily sprout; your righteous deed will precede you and the glory of HaShem will gather you in. 9Then you will call and HaShem will respond; you will cry out ad He will say, ‘Here I am!’ If you remove from your midst perversion, finger-pointing, and evil speech, 10and offer your soul to the hungry and satisfy the afflicted soul; then your light will shine [even] in the darkness, and your deepest gloom will be like the noon. 11Then HaShem will guide you always, sate your soul in times of drought and strengthen your bones; and you will be like a well-watered garden and a spring of water whose waters never fail. 12Ancient ruins will be rebuilt through you, and you will restore generations-old foundations; and they will call you, ‘repairer of the breach’ and ‘restorer of paths for habitation.’

13If you restrain your foot because it is the Shabbat; refrain from accomplishing your own needs on My holy day; if you proclaim the Shabbat ‘a delight,’ and the holy [day] of HaShem ‘honored,’ and you honor it by not engaging in your own affairs, from seeking your own needs or discussing the forbidden — 14then you will delight in HaShem, and I will mount you astride the heights of the world; I will provide you the heritage of your forefather Yaakov, for the mouth of HaShem has spoken.

Yonah 1:1 — 4:11
1And the word of HaShem came to Yonah (Jonah) son of Amittai saying: 2“Arise! Go to Nineveh, the great city, and call out against her, for their wickedness has ascended before Me.” 3But Yonah arose to flee to Tarshish from before HaShem. He went down to Yafo (Jaffa) and found a ship bound for Tarshish; he paid its fare, and boarded it to travel with them to Tarshish from before HaShem.

4Then HaShem cast a mighty wind toward the sea; there was a great tempest in the sea and the ship threatened to be broken. 5The sailors became frightened and they cried out, each to his god; they cast the wares that were on the ship into the sea to lighten it for them. But Yonah had descended to the ship’s holds and he lay down and fell fast asleep.

6The ship’s master approached him, and said to him, “How can you sleep so soundly? Arise! Call to your G-d! Perhaps G-d will think of us and we will not perish.”

7Then they said to one another, “Come let us cast lots that we may determine because of whom this calamity is upon us.” So they cast lots and the lot fell on Yonah. 8They said to him, “Tell us now, because of whom has this evil befallen us? What is your trade? And from where do you come? What is your land? And of what people are you?”

9He said to them, “I am a Hebrew and I fear HaShem, the G-d of the Heavens, Who made the sea and the dry land.”

10The men were frightened with great fear and they said to him, “What is this that you have done?” For the men knew it was from before HaShem that he was fleeing, for he had told them. 11They said to him, “What must we do to you so that the sea will subside from upon us? — for the sea grows stormier!”

12He said to them, “Pick me up and heave me into the sea and the sea will calm down from upon you; for I know that it is because of me that this great tempest is upon you.” 13[Nevertheless,] the men rowed hard to return to the shore, but they could not, because the sea was growing stormier upon them.

14They called out to HaShem, and said, “Please, HaShem, let us not perish now on account of this man’s soul and do not reckon it against us as innocent blood, for You, HaShem, as You wished, so have You done.” 15So they lifted Yonah and heaved him into the sea, and the sea stopped its raging. 16Then the men felt a great fear of HaShem; they slaughtered a sacrifice to HaShem and took vows.
Chapter 2
1HaShem designated a large fish to swallow Yonah, and Yonah remained in the fish’s innards for three days and three nights. 2Yonah prayed to HaShem, his G-d, from the fish’s innards, 3and said:

I called, in my distress, to HaShem, and He answered me;

From the belly of the grave I cried out — You heard my voice.

4You cast me into the depths in the heart of the seas, the river surrounded me;

All Your breakers and Your waves passed over me.

5Then I said [to myself], ‘I was driven from before Your eyes,

but I will again gaze at Your Holy Temple!’

6Waters encompassed me to the soul, the deep whirled around me;

Reeds were tangled about my head.

7I descended to the bases of the mountains;

The earth — its bars [were closed] against me forever.

Yet, You lifted my life from the pit, O HaShem, my G-d.

8When my soul was faint within me, I remembered HaShem;

My prayer came to You, to Your Holy Temple.

9They watch false vanities, they forsake their kindness.

10And as for me, with a voice of thanksgiving I will make sacrifices to You.

What I have vowed I will fulfill for the salvation which is HaShem’s.

11Then HaShem addressed the fish and is spewed out Yonah onto dry land.
Chapter 3
1The word of HaShem came to Yonah a second time, saying: 2“Arise! Go to Nineveh the great city, and call out against her the proclamation that I tell you.” 3So Yonah arose and went to Nineveh, in accordance with G-d’s word. Now Nineveh was an enormously great city, a three-day journey. 4Yonah commenced to enter the city, a distance of one day’s journey, then he called out and said, “Forty days more and Nineveh shall be overturned!”

5The people of Nineveh believed in G-d, so they proclaimed a fast and donned sackcloth, from their great to their small. 6The matter reached the king of Nineveh; he rose from his throne, removed his robe from upon himself, covered himself with sackcloth and sat on the ashes, 7and had it promulgated and declared in Nineveh by the counsel of the king and his nobles, saying: “The man and the animal, the herd and the flock shall not taste anything; they shall neither graze, nor drink water. 8Both man and animal shall cover themselves with sackcloth; and they shall call out mightily to G-d. Every man shall turn back from his evil way, and from the robbery that is in their hands. 9He who knows shall repent and G-d will relent; He will turn away from His burning wrath so that we not perish.”

10And G-d saw their deeds, that they repented from their evil way; and G-d relented concerning the evil He had said He would bring upon them, and did not do it.
Chapter 4
1And it displeased Yonah greatly and angered him. 2He prayed to HaShem, and said, “Please, HaShem, was this not my contention when I was still on my own soil? Because of this I had hastened to flee to Tarshish for I knew that You are a gracious and merciful G-d, slow to anger, abundant in kindness, and relent from doing harm. 3So now, HaShem, please take my soul from me, for better is my death than my life.”

4And HaShem said, “Are you so deeply grieved?”

5Yonah left the city and sat at the east of the city. He made himself a booth there, and sat under it in the shade until he would see what would occur in the city.

6HaShem, G-d, designated a kikayon, which rose up above Yonah to form a shade over his head, to relieve him from his discomfort. Yonah rejoiced over the kikayon, a great joy. 7Then G-d designated a worm at the dawn of the next day, and it attacked the kikayon, so that it withered. 8And it was when the sun shone that G-d designated a stifling east wind; the sun beat upon Yonah’s head and he felt faint. He asked for his soul’s death, and said, “Better is my death than my life!”

9And G-d said to Yonah, “Are you so deeply grieved over the kikayon?”
And he said, “I am greatly grieved to death.”

10HaShem said, “You took pity on the kikayon for which you did not labor, nor did you make it grow; it lived [one] night and perished after one night. 11And I — shall I not take pity upon Nineveh the great city, in which there are more than a hundred and twenty thousand persons who do not know their right hand from their left, and many animals as well?”

Michah 7:18 – 20
18Who is a G-d like You, Who pardons iniquity and overlooks transgression for the remnant of His heritage? He does not maintain His wrath forever, for He desires kindness. 19He will once again show us mercy, He will suppress our iniquities. You will cast all their sins into the depths of the sea. 20Grant truth to Yaakov, kindness to Avraham, as you swore to our forefathers in days of old.

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