Sh’mot (Exodus) 13:17 — 17:16
1st Aliyah: 13:17—14:8
Sh’mot (Exodus) 13:17—14:8
17It happened when Pharaoh sent out the people that G-d did not lead them by way of the land of the Philistines, because it was near, for G-d said, “Perhaps the people will reconsider when they see a war, and they will return to Mitzrayim.” 18So G-d turned the people toward the way of the Wilderness to the Sea of Reeds. The Children of Yisra’el were armed when they went up from Mitzrayim. 19Moshe took the bones of Yosef with him, for he had firmly adjured the Children of Yisra’el, saying, “G-d will surely remember you, and you shall bring up my bones from here with you.”
20They journeyed from Succoth, and encamped in Etham, at the edge of the Wilderness. 21HaShem went before them by day in a pillar of cloud to lead them on their way, and by night in a pillar of fire to give them light, so that they could travel day and night. 22He did not remove the pillar of cloud by day and the pillar of fire by night from before the people.
1HaShem spoke to Moshe, saying, 2“Speak to the Children of Yisra’el and let them turn back and encamp before Pi-hahroth, between Migdol and the sea, before Baal-zephon; you shall encamp opposite it, by the sea. 3Pharaoh will say of the Children of Yisra’el, ‘They are imprisoned in the land, the Wilderness has locked them in.’ 4I shall strengthen the heart of Pharaoh and he will pursue them, and I will be glorified through Pharaoh and his entire army, and Mitzrayim will know that I an HaShem.” And so they did.
5It was told to the king of Mitzrayim that the people had fled; and the heart of Pharaoh and his servants became transformed regarding the people, and they said, “What is this that we have done that we have sent away Yisra’el from serving us?”
6He harnessed his chariot and attracted his people with him. 7He took six hundred elite chariots and all the chariots of Mitzrayim, with officers on them all. 8HaShem strengthened the heart of Pharaoh, king of Mitzrayim, and he pursued the Children of Yisra’el—and the Children of Yisra’el were going out with an upraised arm.
2nd Aliyah: 14:9—14
Shmot (Exodus) 14:9 — 14
9Mitzrayim pursued them and overtook them, encamped by the sea—all the horses and chariots of Pharaoh, and his horseman and army—by Pi-hahiroth before Baal-zephon. 10Pharaoh approached the Children of Yisra’el raised their eyes and behold!—Mitzrayim was journeying after them, and they were very frightened; the Children of Israel cried out to HaShem. 11They said to Moshe, “Were there no graves in Mitzrayim that you took us to die in the Wilderness? What is this that you have done to us to take us out of Mitzrayim? 12Is this not the statement that we made to you in Mitzrayim, saying, ‘Let us be and we will serve Mitzrayim’?—for it is better that we should serve Mitzrayim than we should die in the Wilderness!”
13Moshe said to the people, “Do not fear! Stand fast and see the salvation of HaShem that He will perform for you today; for as you have seen Mitzrayim today, you shall not see them ever again! 14HaShem shall make war for you, and you shall remain silent.”
3rd Aliyah: 14:15—25
Shmot (Exodus) 14:15—25
15HaShem said to Moshe, “Why do you cry out to me? Speak to the Children of Yisra’el and let them journey forth! 16And you—lift up your staff and stretch out your arm over the sea and split it; and the Children of Yisra’el shall come in the midst of the sea on dry land. 17And I—behold!—I shall strengthen the heart of Mitzrayim and they will come after them; and I will be glorified through Pharaoh and through his entire army, through his chariots and through his horsemen. 18Mitzrayim will know that I am HaShem, when I am glorified through Pharaoh, his chariots, and his horsemen.”
19The angel of HaShem who had been going in front of the camp of Israel moved and went behind them; and the pillar of cloud moved in front of them and went behind them. 20It came between the camp of Mitzrayim and the camp of Yisra’el and there were cloud and darkness—while it illuminated the night—and one did not draw near the other all the night. 21Moshe stretched out his hand over the sea, and HaShem moved the sea with a strong east wind all the night, and He turned the sea to damp land and the water split. 22The Children of Yisra’el came within the sea on dry land; and the water was a wall for them, on their right and on their left.
23Mitzrayim pursued and came after them—every horse of Pharaoh, his chariots, and his horsemen—into the midst of the sea. 24It happened at the morning watch that HaShem looked down at the camp of Mitzrayim with a pillar of fire and cloud, and He confounded the camp of Mitzrayim. 25He removed the wheels of their chariots and caused them to drive with difficulty. Mitzrayim said, “I shall flee before Yisra’el, for HaShem is waging war for them against Mitzrayim.”
4th Aliyah: 14:26—15:26
Shmot (Exodus) 14:26—15:26
26HaShem said to Moshe, “Stretch out your hand over the sea, and the water will go back upon Mitzrayim, upon its chariots and its horsemen.” 27Moshe stretched out his hand over the sea, and toward the morning the water went back to its power as the Mitzrayim’s were fleeing toward it; and HaShem churned Mitzrayim in the midst of the sea. 28The water came back and covered the chariots and the horsemen of the entire army of Pharaoh, who were coming behind them in the sea—there remained not a one of them. 29The Children of Yisra’el went on dry land in the midst of the sea; the water was a wall for them, on their right and on their left.
30On the day, HaShem saved Yisra’el from the land of Mitzrayim, and Yisra’el saw the Mitzrayim’s dead on the seashore. 31Yisra’el saw the great hand of HaShem inflicted upon Mitzrayim; and the people revered HaShem, and they had faith in HaShem and in Moshe, His servant.
1Then Moshe and the Children of Yisra’el chose to sing to HaShem, and they said the following:
I shall sing to HaShem for He is exalted above the arrogant, having hurled horse with its rider into the sea.
2The might and vengeance of HaShem was salvation for me. This is my G-d and I will build Him a Sanctuary; the G-d of my father and I will exalt Him.
3HaShem is Master of war—His name is HaShem.
4Pharaoh’s chariots and army He threw in the sea, and the pick of his officers were mired in the Sea of Reeds.
5Deep waters covered them; they descended in the depths like stone.
6Your right hand, HaShem, is glorified with strength: Your right hand, HaShem, smashes the enemy.
7In your abundant grandeur You shatter Your opponents; You send forth Your wrath, it consumes them like straw.
8At a blast from Your nostrils the waters were heaped up; straight as a wall stood the running water, the deep waters congealed in the heart of the sea.
9The enemy declared, “I will pursue, I will overtake, I will divide plunder; I will satisfy my lust with them. I will unsheathe my sword, my hand will impoverish them.”
10You blew with Your wind—the sea enshrouded them; the mighty sank like lead in water.
11Who is like You among the heavenly powers, HaShem! Who is like You, mighty in holiness, too awesome for praise, Doer of wonders!
12You stretched out Your right hand—the earth swallowed them.
13With Your kindness You guided this people that You redeemed; You led with your might to Your holy abode.
14People heard—they were agitated; terror gripped the dwellers of Philistia.
15Then the chiefs of Edom were confounded, trembling gripped the powers of Moab, all the dwellers of Canaan dissolved.
16May fear and terror befall them, at the greatness of Your arm may they be still as stone; until our people passes through, HaShem—until this people You have acquired passes through.
17You will bring them and implant them on the mount of Your heritage, the foundation of Your dwelling-place that You, HaShem, have made—the Sanctuary, my L-rd, that Your hands establish.
18HaShem shall reign for all eternity!
19When Pharaoh’s cavalry came with his chariots and horsemen into the sea and HaShem turned back the waters of the sea upon them, the Children of Yisra’el walked on dry land amid the sea.
20Miriam the prophetess, the sister of Aharon, took her drum in her hand and all the women went forth after her with drums and with dances. 21Miriam spoke up to them, “Sing to HaShem for He is exalted above the arrogant, having hurled horse with its rider in the sea.”
22Moshe caused Yisra’el to journey from the Sea of Reeds and they went out to the Wilderness of Shur; they went for a three-day period in the Wilderness, but they did not find water. 23They came to Marah, but they could not drink the waters of Marah because they were bitter; therefore they named if Marah. 24The people complained against Moshe, saying, “What shall we drink?”
25He cried out to HaShem, HaShem showed him a tree; he threw it into the water and the water became sweet. There He established for the nation a decree and an ordinance, and there he tested it. 26He said, “If you hearken diligently to the voice of HaShem, your G-d, and do what is just in His eyes, give ear to His commandments and observe all His decrees, then any of the diseases that I have placed in Mitzrayim, I will not bring them upon you, for I am HaShem, you Healer.”
5th Aliyah: 15:27—16:10
Shmot (Exodus) 15:27—16:10
27They arrived in Elim, where there were twelve springs of water and seventy date palms; they encamped there by the waters.
1They journeyed from Elim, and the entire assembly of the Children of Yisra’el arrived at the Wilderness of Sin, which is between Elim and Sinai, on the fifteenth day of the second month from their departure from the land of Mitzrayim. 2The entire assemble of the Children of Yisra’el complained against Moshe and Aharon in the Wilderness. 3The Children of Yisra’el said to them, “If only we had died by the hand of HaShem in the land of Mitzrayim, as we sat by the pot of meat, when we ate bread to satiety, for you have taken us out to this Wilderness to kill this entire congregation by famine.”
4HaShem said to Moshe, “Behold!—I shall rain down for you food from heaven; let the people go out and pick each day’s portion on its day, so that I can test them, whether they will follow My teaching of not. 5And it shall be on the sixth day when they prepare what they bring, it will double what they pick every day.”
6Moshe and Aharon said to all the Children of Yisra’el, “In the evening, you shall know that HaShem took you out of the land of Mitzrayim. 7And in the morning you shall see the glory of HaShem, that He has heard your complaints against HaShem—for what are we that you should incite complaints against us?”—8and Moshe said, “When, in the evening, HaShem gives you meat to eat and bread to satiety in the morning, as HaShem hears your complaints that you complain against Him—for what are we?—not against us are your complaints, but against HaShem!”
9Moshe said to Aharon, “Say to the entire assembly of the Children of Yisra’el, ‘Approach the presence of HaShem, for He has heard your complaints.’ ” 10When Aharon spoke to the entire assembly of the Children of Yisra’el, they turned to the Wilderness and behold!—the glory of HaShem appeared in a cloud.
6th Aliyah: 16:11—36
Shmot (Exodus) 16:11—36
11HaShem spoke to Moshe, saying, 12“I have heard the complaints of the Children of Yisra’el. Speak to them, saying, ‘In the afternoon you shall eat meat and in the morning you shall be satiety with bread, and you shall know that I am HaShem, your G-d.’ ”
13It was toward evening that the quail ascended and covered the camp, and in the morning there was a layer of dew around the camp. 14The layer of dew ascended and behold!—upon the surface of the Wilderness was something thin exposed—thin as frost on the earth. 15The Children of Yisra’el saw and said to one another, “It is food!”—for they did not know what it was. Moshe said to them, “This is the food that HaShem has given you for eating. 16This is the thing that has HaShem commanded, ‘Gather from it, for every man according to what he eats—an omer (עומר) per person—according to the number of your people, everyone according to whoever is in his tent shall you take.’ ”
17The Children of Yisra’el did so and they gathered, whoever took more and whoever took less. 18They measured in an omer and whoever took more had nothing extra and whoever took less was not lacking; everyone according to what he eats had they gathered.
19Moshe said to them, “No man may leave over form it until morning.” 20But they did not obey Moshe and people left over from it until morning and it became infested with worms and it stank; and Moshe became angry with them. 21They gathered it morning by morning, every man according to what he eats, and when the sun grew hot it melted.
22It happened on the sixth day that they gathered a double portion of food, two omers for each; and all the princes of the assembly came and told Moshe. 23He said to them, “This is what HaShem had spoken; tomorrow is a rest day, a holy Sabbath to HaShem. Bake what you wish to bake and cook what you wish to cook; and whatever is left over, put away for yourselves as safekeeping until the morning. 24They put it away until morning, as Moshe had commanded; it did not stink and there was no infestation in it.
25Moshe said, “Eat it today, for today is a Sabbath for HaShem; today you shall not find it in the field. 26Six days shall you gather it, but the seventh day is a Sabbath, on it there will be none.” 27It happened on the seventh day that some of the people went out to gather, and they did not find.
28HaShem said to Moshe, “How long will you effuse to observe My commandments and My teachings? 29See that HaShem has given you the Sabbath day; that is why He gives you on the sixth day a two-day portion of bread. Let every man remain in his place; let no man leave his place on the seventh day.” 30The people rested on the seventh day.
31The House of Yisra’el called it manna. It was like coriander seed, it was white, and it tasted like a cake fried in honey. 32Moshe said, “This is the thing that HaShem has commanded: A full omer of it shall be a safekeeping for your generations, so that they will see the food with which I fed you in the Wilderness when I took you out of Mitzrayim.” 33Moshe said to Aharon, “Take one jar and put a full omer of manna into it; place it before HaShem for a safekeeping for your generations.” 34As HaShem had commanded Moshe, Aharon placed it before the Ark of Testimony for a safekeeping. 35The Children of Yisra’el ate the manna for forty years, until their arrival in an inhabited land; they ate the manna until their arrival at the border of the land of Canaan. 36The omer is a tenth of an Ephah.
7th Aliyah: 17:1—16
Shmot (Exodus) 17:1—16
1The entire assembly of the Children of Yisra’el journeyed from the Wilderness of Sin to their journeys, according to the word of HaShem. They encamped in Raphidim and there was no water for the people to drink. 2The people contended with Moshe and they said, “Give us water that we may drink!” Moshe said to them, “Why do you contend with me? Why do you test HaShem?” 3The people thirsted there for water, and the people complained against Moshe, and it said, “Why is this that you have brought us up from Mitzrayim to kill me and my children and my livestock through thirst?”
4Moshe cried out to HaShem, saying, “What shall I do for this people? A bit more and they will stone me!”
5HaShem said to Moshe, “Pass before the people and take with you some of the elders of Yisra’el; and in your hand take your staff with which you struck the River, and go. 6Behold!—I shall stand before you by the rock in Horev; you shall strike the rock and water will come forth from it and the people will drink. Moshe did so in the sight of the elders of Yisra’el. 7He called the place Massah U’Meivah, because of the contention of the Children of Yisra’el and because of their test of HaShem, saying, “Is HaShem among us or not?”
8Amalek came and battled Yisra’el in Raphidim. 9Moshe said to Yehoshua, “Choose people for us and do battle with Amalek; tomorrow I will stand on top of the hill with the staff of G-d in my hand.” 10Yehoshua did as Moshe said to him, to do battle with Amalek; and Moshe, Aharon and Hur ascended to the top of the hill. 11It happened that when Moshe raised his hand Yisrael was strong, and when he lowered his hand Amalek was stronger. 12Moshe hands grew heavy, so they took a stone and pulled it under him and he sat on it, and Aharon and Hur supported his hands, one on this side and one on that side, and he remained with his hands in faithful prayer until sunset. 13Yehoshua weakened Amalek and its people with the sword’s blade.
14HaShem said to Moshe, “Write this as a remembrance in the Book and recite it in the ears of Yehoshua, that I shall surely erase the memory of Amalek from under the heavens.” 15Moshe built an altar and called its name “HaShem is My Miracle”; 16and he said, “For the hand is on the throne of G-d: HaShem maintains war against Amalek, from generation to generation.”
Haftarah for B’Shlach
Shoftim (Judges) 4:4—5:31
Shoftim (Judges) 4:4—5:31
4Devorah was a prophetess, a fiery woman; she was the Judge of Yisra’el at that time. 5She would sit under Devorah’s Palm Tree, between the Ramah and Bethel of judgment. 6She sent to summon Barak son of Avinoam of Kedesh-naphtali and said to him, “Has not HaShem, the G-d of Yisra’el, commanded, ‘Go and draw people toward Mount Tabor, and take with you ten thousand men from the children of Naphtali and from the children of Zevulun. 7And to Kishon Brook, I will draw toward you Sisera, the general of Yavin’s army, his chariots and his multitude, and I shall present him into your hand?’ ”
8Barak said to her, “If you go with me, I will go, but if you do not go with me, I will not go.”
9She said, “I will surely go with you, except that the path upon which you go will not be for your glory, for HaShem will deliver Sisera into the hand of a woman.” Then Devorah stood up and went with Barak and Kedesh.
10Barak had Zevulun and Naphtali summoned to Kedesh and he brought up on foot ten thousand men, and Devorah went up with him.
11Heber the Kenite had separated himself from Kenites, from the children of Hovav the father-in-law of Moshe, and pitched his tent as far as the Plain of Zannannim, which is near Kedesh.
12They told Sisera that Barak son of Avinoam had gone up to Mount Tabor. 13Sisera summoned all his chariots—nine hundred iron chariots—and all the people with him, from Harosheth-hagoiim to Kishon Brook.
14Devorah said to Barak, “Arise! For this is the day when HaShem has given Sisera into your hand—has not HaShem gone forth before you?” So Barak descended from Mount Tabor with ten thousand men behind him. 15HaShem confounded Sisera and all the chariots and the entire camp by the blade of sword before Barak; Sisera dismounted from the chariot and fled on foot. 16Barak chased after the chariots and after the camp until Harosheth-hagoiim; and the entire camp of Sisera fell by the blade of the sword, not a single one was left.
17Sisera fled on foot to the tent of Yael, the wife of Heber the Kenite, Sisera and said to him, for there were peace between Yavin, king of Hazor, and the house of Heber the Kenite. 18Yael went out toward Sisera and said to him, “Turn, my lord, turn to me, do not fear.” He turned off to her to the tent and she covered him with the cloak.
19He said to her, “Give me a bit of water to drink, because I am thirsty,” and she opened the container of milk, gave him to drink, and covered him. 20He told her to stand at the entrance of the tent, “And it shall be that if any man will come and ask you, saying, ‘Is there a man here?’ you are to say, ‘No!’ ”
21Yael, Heber’s wife, took the tent-peg and placed the hammer in her hand; she came to him stealthy and drove the peg into his temple and pierced the ground—for he was asleep and exhausted—and he died. 22Behold!—Barak was pursuing Sisera, and Yael went out toward him and told him, “Go and I will show you the man whom you seek!” He came to her and behold!—Sisera was fallen dead with the peg in his temple.
23On that day G-d subjugated Yavin, king of Canaan, before the Children of Yisra’el. 24The hand of the Children of Yisra’el became progressively harsh over Yavin, king of Canaan, until they had destroyed Yavin, king of Canaan.
1On that day, Devorah and Barak son of Avinoam sang, saying:
2Whatever G-d wreaks vengeance against Yisra’el or the people dedicated to themselves to Him—bless HaShem.
3Hear, O kings, give ear, O princes: I, to HaShem shall I sing, I shall sing praise to HaShem, G-d of Yisra’el.
4HaShem, as you left Seir, as You strode from the field of Moav, the earth quaked and even the heavens trickled; even the clouds dripped water.
5The mountains trembled before HaShem—this was Sinai—before HaShem, the G-d of Yisra’el.
6In the days of Shamgar son of Anath, in the days of Yael road-travel ceased, and those who traveled paths went by out-of-the-way roads.
7They ceased living in unwalled towns in Yisra’el—they ceased; until I,Devorah, arose; I arose as a mother in Yisra’el.
8When it, Yisra’el, chose new gods, war came to its gates; was even a shield or a spear seen among forty thousand in Yisra’el?
9My heart is with the lawgivers of Yisra’el who are dedicated to the people—saying, “Bless HaShem.”
10The wealthy riders of white asses, those who sit in judgment, and those who walk the roads—tell of G-d’s salvation!
11Instead of whistling sound of arrows among the water-drawers, there will recount the charities of HaShem, the charities to His open cities in Yisra’el; then the people of HaShem will descend again to the gates.
12Awake, awake, O Devorah; awake, awake, utter a song; stand up, O Barak, and capture your prisoners, O son of Avinoam.
13Then the survivor will dominate the mightiest of the people; HaShem has given me domination over the strong ones.
14From Ephraim, whose root is in Yoshua, the conqueror of Amalek; after you came Saul, of Benyamin with your peoples; from Machir descended lawgivers; and from Zevulun those who ply the scribal quill.
15The leaders of Issachar were with Devorah, and Issachar was like Barak, into the valley he was sent on foot—but the withdrawal of Reuven requires great heartfelt contemplation.
16Why did you remain sitting between the boundary-lines to hear the bleating of the flocks?—the withdrawal of Reuven requires great heartfelt investigation.
17Gilead remained dwelling across the Yordan; and Dan, why did he gather his valuables onto ships? But Asher lived at the seashore and had to remain by his undefeated cities.
18Zevulun is a people that risked its life as far as death, and so was Naphtali, on the heights of the battlefield.
19Kings came and fought with Sisera, and then the kings of Canaan fought from Taanach until the waters of Megiddo, without accepting monetary gain.
20From the heaven they fought, the stars from their battled Sisera.
21Kishon Brook swept them away—the ancient brook, Kishon Brook—I, myself, trampled them with power.
22Then the horses’ were pounded by the galloping, the galloping of their mighty riders.
23“Curse Meroz,” said the angel of HaShem. “Curse, curse the inhabitants, for they failed to come to aid the people of HaShem, to aid the people of HaShem against the mighty.”
24Blessed by women is Yael, wife of Heber the Kenite, by the women in the tent is she blessed.
25He asked for water, she gave him milk; in a saucer of nobility she presented butter.
26She extended her hand to the peg and her right hand to the laborer’s hammer; she hammered Sisera, severed his head, smashed and pierced his temple.
27Between her legs he knelt, toppled, lay; between her legs he knelt and fell, where he knelt, there he fell vanquished.
28Through the window Sisera’s mother peered and whimpered, through the window. “Why has his chariot delayed its coming, why are the hoof-beats of his chariots so late?”
29The wisest of her ladies answered her, and she, too, gives herself responses.
30“Are they not finding and dividing loot? A virgin or two for every man, booty of colored garments for Sisera, booty of colored embroidery, doubly embroidered garments for the necks of the looters.”
31So may all Your enemies be destroyed, HaShem. And let those who love Him be like the powerfully rising sun.
And the land was quiet for forty years.