Parsha Ki Tisa

Sh’mot (Exodus) 30:11 — 34:35

1st Aliyah: 30:11—31:17
11HaShem spoke to Moshe, saying, 12“When you take a census of the Children of Yisra’el according to their numbers, every man shall give HaShem an atonement for his soul when counting them, so that there will not be a plaque among them when counting them. 13This shall the give—everyone who passes through the census—a half shekel of the sacred shekel, the shekel is twenty geras, a half shekel as a portion to HaShem. 14Everyone who passes through the census, from twenty years of age and up, shall give the portion of HaShem. 15The wealthy shall not increase and the destitute shall not decrease from half a shekel—to give the portion of HaShem, to atone for their souls. 16You shall take our silver of the atonements form the Children of Yisra’el and give it for the work of the Tent of Meeting; and it shall be a remembrance before HaShem for the Children of Yisra’el, to atone for your souls.”
17HaShem spoke to Moshe, saying, 18“You shall make a copper Laver and its base of copper, for washing; place it between the Tent of Meeting and the Altar, and put water there. 19From it, Aharon and his sons shall wash their hands together with their feet. 20Whenever they come to the Tent of Meeting, they shall wash with water and not die, or when they approach the Altar to serve, to raise up in smoke a fire-offering to HaShem. 21They shall wash their hands and feet and not die. It shall be for them an eternal decree, for him and his offering for their generations.”
22HaShem spoke to Moshe, saying, 23“Now you, take for yourself choice spices: five hundred shekel-weights of pure myrrh; fragrant cinnamon, half of which shall be two hundred fifty; two hundred fifty of fragrant cane; 24five hundred of cassia—in the sacred shekel-weight, and a hin of olive oil. 25Of it you shall make oil of sacred anointment, a blended compound, the handiwork of a perfumer; it shall remain oil of sacred anointment. 26With it you shall anoint the Tent of Meeting and the Ark of Testimonial-tablets; 27the Table and all its utensils, the Menorah and its utensils, and the Incense Altar; 28the Elevation-offering Altar and all its utensils; and he Laver and its bade. 29You shall sanctify them and they shall remain holy of holies; whatever touches them shall become holy.
30“You shall anoint Aharon and his sons and sanctify them to minster to Me.”
31“You shall speak to the Children of Yisra’el, saying, ‘This shall remain for Me oil of sacred anointment for u generations. 32It shall not be smeared on human flesh and you shall not duplicate it in its formulation; it is holy, it shall remain holy for you. 33Anyone who shall compound its like or who shall put it upon an alien shall be cut off from his people.’ ”
34HaShem said to Moshe, “Take for yourself spices—stacte, onycha and galbanum—spices and pure frankincense: these shall be of equal weight. 35You shall make it into a spice-compound, the handiwork of a perfumer, thoroughly mixed, pure and holy. 36You shall grind some of it finely and place some of it before the Testimonial-tablets in the Tent of Meeting, where I shall designate a time to meet you; it shall remain holy of holies to you. 37The incense that you shall make—in its proportion you shall make for yourselves; it shall remain holy to you, for HaShem. 38Whoever makes its like to smell it shall be cut off from his people.”
Chapter 31
1HaShem spoke to Moshe, saying, 2“See, I have called by a name, Bezalel ben Uri, ben Hur, of the tribe of Judah, 3I have filled him with a G-dly spirit, with wisdom, insight, and knowledge, and with every craft; 4to weave designs, to work with gold, silver, copper; 5stone-cutting for setting, and wood-carving—to perform every craft.
6“And I, behold, I have assigned with him Oholiav, ben Ahisamach of the tribe of Dan, and I have endowed the heart of every wise-hearted person with wisdom, and they shall make all that I have commanded you: 7the Tent of Meeting, the Ark of the Testimonial-tablets and the Cover that is upon it, and all the utensils of the Tent; 8the Table and its utensils, the pure Menorah and all its utensils, and the Incense Altar; 9the Elevation-offering Altar and all its utensils, the Laver and its base; 10the knit vestments, the sacred vestments of Aharon the Kohen and the vestments of his sons, to minister; 11the anointment oil and the incense-spices of the Sanctuary. Like everything I have commanded you shall you make.”
12HaShem said to Moshe, saying, 13“Now you, speak to the Children of Yisra’el, saying: ‘However, you must observe My Shabbats, for it is a sign between Me and you for your generations, to know that I am HaShem, Who makes you holy. 14You shall observe the Shabbat, for it is holy to you; its desecrators shall be put to death, for whoever does work on it, that soul shall be cut off from among its people. 15For six days work may be done and the seventh day is a day of complete rest, it is sacred to HaShem; whoever does work on the Shabbat day shall be put to death.’
16The Children of Yisra’el shall observe the Shabbat, to make the Shabbat an eternal covenant for their generations. 17Between Me and the Children of Yisra’el it is a sign forever that in a six-day period HaShem made the heaven and earth, and on the seventh day He rested and was refreshed.”

2nd Aliyah: 31:18—33:11
18When He finished speaking to him on Mount Sinai. He gave Moshe the two Tablets of Testimony, stone tablets inscribed by the finger of G-d.
Chapter 32
1The people saw that Moshe had delayed in descending the mountain, and the people gathered around Aharon and said to him, “Rise up, make for us gods that will go before us, for the man Moshe who brought us up from the land of Mitzrayim—we do not know what became of him!”
2Aharon said to them, “Remove the rings of gold that are in the ears of your wives, sons, and daughters, and bring them to me.”
3The entire people removed the gold rings that were in their ears, and brought them to Aharon. 4He took it from their hands and bound it up in a cloth, and fashioned it into a molten calf. They said, “This is your god, O Yisra’el, which took you up from the land of Mitzrayim.”
5Aharon saw and built an altar before him. Aharon called out and said, “A festival for HaShem tomorrow!”
6They rose early the next day and offered up elevation-offerings and brought peace-offerings. The people sat to eat and drink, and they got up to revel.
7HaShem spoke to Moshe: “Go descend—for your people that you brought up from the land of Mitzrayim has become corrupt. 8They have strayed quickly from the way that I have commanded them. They have made themselves a molten calf, prostrated themselves to it and sacrificed to it, and they said, ‘This is you god, O Yisra’el, which brought you up from the land of Mitzrayim.’ ” 9HaShem said to Moshe, “I have seen this people, and behold! it is a stiff-necked people. 10And now, desist from Me. Let My anger flare up against them and I shall annihilate them; and I shall make you a great nation.”
11Moshe pleaded before HaShem, his G-d, and said, “Why HaShem, should Your anger flare up against Your people, whom You have taken out of the land of Mitzrayim, with great power and a strong hand? 12Why should Mitzrayim say the following: ‘With evil intent did He take them out, to kill them in the mountains and to annihilate them from the face of the earth? Relent from Your flaring anger and reconsider regarding the evil against Your people.
13Remember for the sake of Avraham, Yitzchak and Yisra’el, Your servants, to whom You swore by Yourself, and You told them, ‘I shall increase your offspring like the stars of heaven, and this entire land of which I spoke, I shall give to your offspring and it shall be their heritage forever.’ ”
14HaShem reconsidered regarding the evil He declared He would do to His people.
15Moshe turned and descended from the mountain, with two Tablets of the Testimony in his hand. Tablets inscribed on both their sides; they were inscribed on one side and the other. 16The Tablets were G-d’s handiwork, and the script was the script of G-d, engraved on the Tablets.
17Yehoshua heard the sound of the people in its shouting, and he said to Moshe, “The sound of battle is in the camp!”
18He said, “Not a sound shouting strength nor a sound shouting weakness, a sound of distress do I hear!”
19It happened as he drew near the camp and saw the calf and the dances, that Moshe’ anger flared up. He threw down the Tablet from his hands and shattered them at the foot of the mountain. 20He took the calf that they had made and burned it in the fire. He ground it into a fine powder and sprinkled it over the water. He made the Children of Yisra’el drink.
21Moshe said to Aharon, “What this people do to you that you brought a grievous sin upon it?”
22Aharon said, “Let not my master’s anger flare up. You know that the person is disposed toward evil. 23They said to me, ‘Make ua a god that will go before us, for this man Moshe who brought us up from the land of Mitzrayim—we do not know what become of him.’ 24So I said to them, ‘Who has gold?’ They removed it and gave it to me. I threw it into the fire, and this calf emerged.”
25Moshe saw the people, that it was exposed, for Aharon had exposed them to disgrace among those who rise up against them.
26Moshe stood at the gateway of the camp, and said, “Whoever is for HaShem, join me!”—and all the Levities gathered around him. 27He said to them, “So said HaShem the G-d of Yisra’el, ‘Every man, put his sword on his thigh and pass back and forth from gate to gate in the camp. Let every man kill his brother, every man his fellow, and every man his near one.’ ”
28The Levities did as Moshe said, and about three thousand men of the people fell that day. 29Moshe said, “Dedicate yourselves this day to HaShem—for each has opposed his son and his brother—that He may bestow upon you a blessing, this day.”
30On the next day, Moshe said to the people, “You have committed a grievous sin! And now I shall ascend to HaShem—perhaps I can win atonement in the face of your sin.” 31Moshe returned to HaShem and said, “I implore! This people has committed a grievous sin and made themselves a god of gold. 32And now if You would but forgive their sin!—but if not, erase me now from Your book that You have written.
33HaShem said to Moshe, “Whoever has sined against Me, I shall erease from My book. 34Now go and lead the people to where I have told you. Behold! My anger shall go before you, and on the day that I make My account, I shall bring their sin to account against them.”
35Then HaShem struck the people with a plaque, because they had made the calf that Aharon had made.
Chapter 33
1HaShem spoke to Moshe, “Go ascend from here, you and the people whom you brought up from the land of Mitzrayim, to the land about which I swore to Avraham, Yitzchak, and Yaakov, saying, ‘I shall give it to your offspring.’ 2I shall send an angel ahead of you, and I shall drive out the Canaanite, the Amorite, the Hittite, the Perizzite, the Hivvite, and the Yevusite—3to a land that flows with milk and honey, because I shall not ascend among you, for you are a stiff-neck people, lest I annihilate you on the way.”
4The people heard this bad tiding and they became grief-stricken, and no one donned his jewelry.
5HaShem said to Moshe, “Say to the Children of Yisra’el, ‘You are a stiff-neck people. If I ascend among you, I may annihilate you in an instant. And now remove your jewelry from yourself, and I shall know what I shall do to you.’ ” 6So the Children of Yisra’el were stripped of their jewelry from Mount Horev.
7Moshe would take the Tent and pich it outside the camp, far from the camp, and call it Tent of Meeting. So it was that whoever sought HaShem would go out to the Tent of Meeting, which was outside the camp. 8Whenever Moshe would go out to the Tent, the entire people would stand until he arrived at the Tent. 9When Moshe would arrive at the Tent, a pillar of cloud would descend and stand at the entrance of the Tent, and He would speak with Moshe. 10The entire people would see the cloud standing at the entrance of the Tent, and the entire people would rise and prostrate themselves, everyone at the entrance of his tent. 11HaShem would speak to Moshe face to face, as a man would speak with his fellow; then he would return to the camp, His servant, Yehoshua ben Nun, a lad, would not depart from within the tent.

3rd Aliyah: 33:12—16

4th Aliyah: 33:17—23

5th Aliyah: 34:1—9

6th Aliyah: 34:10—26

7th Aliyah: 34:27—35

Haftarat:  I Melechim (I Kings) 18:1—39

Ashkenazim begin the Haftarah here:
Chapter 18
1It happened after many days that the word of HaShem came to Eliyahu, in the third year, saying, “Go, appear to Ahav; I will send rain upon the face of the land.”
2Eliyahu went to appear to Ahav, and the famine was severe in Samaria. 3Ahav summoned Ovadiah, who was in charge of the household ― Ovadiah feared G-d greatly. 4When Yezebal had been cutting down the prophets of HaShem, Ovadiah took a hundred prophets and hid them in a cave, and sustained them with bread and water. 5And Ahav said to Ovadiah, “Go through the land to every spring of water and to all the streams; perhaps we may find grass and keep horses and mules alive, and we shall not be cut off without animals.”
6They divided the land between themselves that they may traverse it; Ahav went alone in one direction and Ovadiah went alone in another direction. 7Ovadiah was on the road and behold! Eliyahu was opposite him; he recognized him and fell on his face and said, “Is this you, my lord Eliyahu?”
8He said to him, “It is I. Tell your lord: Eliyahu is here!”
9He said, “What is my sin that you deliver your servant into Ahav’s power, to put me to death?” 10As HaShem, your G-d, lives, there is not a nation or kingdom where my lord has not sent to seek you, and they have responded, ‘He is not here!’ He had the kingdom or the nation swear that they could not find you. 11And now you say, ‘Go tell your lord that Eliyahu is here!’ 12As soon as I go from you, a spirit of HaShem will carry you where I will not know, and I will have come to tell Ahav and he will not find you ― and he will kill me! But your servant has feared HaShem since my youth. 13Surely my lord has been told what I did when Yezebal murdered the prophets of HaShem, and I hid some of the prophets of HaShem, a hundred men, fifty, fifty men to a cave, and I sustained them with bread and water. 14And now you say to me, ‘Go tell your lord Eliyahu is here!’ He will kill me!”
15Eliyahu said, “As HaShem, Master of Legions, lives, before Whom I have stood ― today I will appear to him!”
16Ovadiah went toward Ahav and told him, so Ahav went toward Eliyahu. 17When Ahav saw Eliyahu, Ahav said to him, “Is that you, you troubler of Yisra’el?”
18He said to him, “I have not troubled Yisra’el, but you and your father’s house, when you forsook the commandments of HaShem and followed the Baal’s idols! 19And now, send forth to gather all of Yisra’el to me at mount Carmel, and also the four hundred and fifty prophets of the Baal and the four hundred prophets of the Asheirah, who eat at Yezebal’s table.”
Sephardim begin the Haftarah here:
20Ahav sent among all the Children of Yisra’el and he gathered the prophets to Mount Carmel. 21Eliyahu approached all the people and said, “How long will you dance between two opinions? If HaShem is the G-d, follow Him! And if the Baal, follow it!”
The people did not answer him a word.
22Eliyahu said to the people, “I have remained a prophet of HaShem by myself, but the prophets of the Baal are four hundred and fifty men. 23Let them give us two bulls, let them choose one bull for themselves, cut it, and put it on the wood, but not apply fire; and I will prepare one bull and place it on the wood and I will not apply fire. 24You shall call out in the name of your god and I will call out in the Name of HaShem, and whichever G-d responds with fire, He is G-d.!”
All the people responded, “The proposal is good.”
25Eliyahu said to the prophets of the Baal, “Pick yourselves one bull and prepare it first, for you are the majority, and call out in the name of your god, but do not apply fire.”
26They took the bull that he gave them and prepared it, and called out the name of the Baal from the morning until noon, saying, “O Baal, answer us!” but there was neither sound nor response, and they danced by the altar that he made.
27At noontime, Eliyahu ridiculed them, and he said, “Cry out in a loud voice, for he is a god! Perhaps he is conversing, or pursuing enemies, or relieving himself; perhaps he is asleep and he will awaken!”
28They called out with a loud voice and cut themselves with swords and knives, according to their custom, until blood spurted on them. 29When noon hour passed they prophesied until the time of the afternoon-offering ― but there was neither sound, nor response, nor listener.
30Eliyahu said to the entire people, “Draw near to me,” and all the people drew near him. He repaired the disassembled altar of HaShem. 31Eliyahu took twelve stones, corresponded the number of tribes of the Children of Yaakov, to whom the word of HaShem came saying, “Your name shall be Yisra’el.” 32He built the stones into an altar in the Name of HaShem, and he made a trench large enough to plant two se’ah of seed, around the altar. 33He arranged the wood, cut up the bull, and put it on the wood. 34He said, “Fill your jugs with water and pour them on the olah-offering and on the wood.” Then he said, “Do it a second time!” and they did it a second time. He said, “Do it a third time!” and they did it a third time. 35The water went all around the altar and the water even filled up the trench.
36At the same time of the afternoon offering, Eliyahu, the prophet approached and said, “HaShem, G-d of Avraham, Yitzchak, and Yaakov, today it will become known that You G-d are with Yisra’el and I am Your servant, and at Your word have I done all these things. 37Answer me, HaShem, answer me ― and let this people know that You are HaShem, the G-d, and You will turn their heart back.”
38A fire of HaShem descended and consumed the olah-offering and the wood, and the water in the trench. 39The entire people saw and fell on their faces and said, “HaShem ― He is G-d! HaShem ― He is the G-d!”

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